In May 2012, after 7 years of campaigning by parents and privacy groups, the Protection of Freedoms Act was passed. In it Chapter 2 Protection of biometric information of children in schools etc. deals with schools processing children’s biometric data:
26. Requirement to notify and obtain consent before processing biometric information
27. Exceptions and further provision about consent and notification
The salient points of the Act are:
- Each parent of the child should be notified by the relevant authority that they are planning to process their child’s biometrics and notified that they are able to object.
- In order for a school to process children’s biometrics at least one parent must consent and no parent has withdrawn consent. This needs to be in writing.
- The child can object to the processing of their biometrics regardless of parents consent.
This became enforceable law in September 2013.